Upon application of Nualgi Aquarium, the Nano Silica base within the Nualgi formula carries nutrients to Diatom Algae which then begin to multiply. These new Diatom Algae consume N (Nitrogen) and P (Phosphorous), robbing the nuisance algae of the chemicals they need to grow. Diatoms also release O2 & consume CO2, thus increasing the dissolved oxygen levels and helps aerobic bacteria break down organic matter. As this occurs, zooplankton grow by consuming the Diatoms, and finally, zooplankton get consumed by fish and coral because that is their favorite live food. Hooray for free fish food.